A Skin Lightening Cream
Skin Lighteners - Some Basic Facts
Skin lighteners are products that lighten your skin. These products have a variety of uses. Lighteners can lighten an unnatural looking tan, fade unsightly scars and remove dark patches of skin. Creams made for this purpose usually contain bleaching agents such as azelaic acid and hydroquinone. Some of these treatments are available at pharmacies and similar stores, or via the Internet. You can also visit a dermatologist to get a prescription strength treatment.
What Causes Dark Spots?
Melanin determines your skin color. People with a large amount of melanin have dark skin. People with a small amount of melanin have light skin. Melanin is a pigment your body produces in the melanocyte cells. Sunlight can cause these cells to produce even more melanin. This is why tanning causes the skin to get dark.
Dark spots can arise for many different reasons. This darkening is called hyperpigmentation, and it affects certain parts of the skin. Dark spots can occur because of injury to the skin, acne and other skin ailments or exposure to too much sun. Some pregnant women get dark spots because of the changes in their hormones. This condition is referred to as melasma, and it causes brown patches on the skin.
Skin lighteners work to reduce excessive pigmentation. For example, hydroquinone decreases the body's production of melanin. It also breaks down the melanin already present in the skin. Store brought products usually contain two percent or less of hydroquinone. For a more powerful strength, you would need to visit a dermatologist. Medications from the dermatologist can have up to four percent more hydroquinone than over the counter products.
These products can also include ingredients that help nourish the skin. Vitamin A and aloe are included in many skin lighteners. Sunscreen might also be added to protect the skin from damage. When you're using one of these treatments, you usually have to limit exposure to strong sunlight until the treatment is complete.
Chemical peels are also used to lighten the skin. These products normally contain acids, such as alpha-hydroxy. You must be very careful with products that contain acid. You can ruin your skin if you use these products incorrectly.
Skin lighteners can help you erase dark spots, and achieve an even skin color. However, some of these products can be dangerous when used incorrectly. Carefully check the ingredients included in any product you plan to use. If you're not sure how to proceed, visit a dermatologist or other suitably qualified medical professional for guidance.
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